能百科世界十大未解之谜英文版

世界十大未解之谜英文版

世界十大未解之谜英文版

1. Wild MenWritten records of ‘Wild Men’ in Tibet can be traced back to 1784. Moreover, countless reports and witnesses tell of men being kidnapped by “Wild Women” and begetting children. A number of research teams have gone into east Tibet, but it still remains a mystery.2. Red SnowLarge combinations of red alga grow in Himalayan regions 5000 meters above sea level, providing a stunning red glow in the snow at dusk. High plateau alga is widely distributed in permafrost regions; and surprisingly, survive even the most severe weather conditions, below - 36℃.3.Rainbow Body or Body of LightRainbows traditionally coincidently appear in the sky upon the death of a hierarch or a hidden yogi, and the body would disappear in the light, leaving only remnants of nails and hair. It is believed that those masters ascend to the Mandala.4. Everest CloudsOn bright days, plume clouds are often seen trailing from the downwind slope of Mount Everest. Prevailing winds from the west blow the clouds east like a billowing flag attached to the mountain. When the wind reaches 80 km/h (50 mph), the flag cloud is at a right angle to the peak. Everest often protrudes into the high-speed, world-girdling jet stream, and, thereby, produces such flag clouds.Ascending airflow caused by mountains creates the cloud, as is expressed by the saying, 'Mountains make their own weather.” Everest clouds have been given the name “the highest vane in the world”.5. Ruins of Xiangxiong KingdomThe legendary Xiangxiong Kingdom was the earliest civilization center on the Tibetan plateau. Xiangxiong means land of the roc (a mythical huge bird) in Tibetan. According to historical records, before the rise of the Tubo Kingdom (629-846), the Xiangxiong Kingdom existed and flourished in western Tibet, surviving mainly on animal husbandry and some agriculture. The kingdom even established ties with the Tang Dynasty (618-907) in China‘s Central Plains. Tibetan historical records show that the Xiangxiong Kingdom flourished in the 7th century and contained a highly developed culture that included the unique Xiangxiong written language. It was also the cradle of Bon, the indigenous Tibetan religion. The Xiangquan (Elephant Spring River) and Shiquan (Lion Spring River) valleys were its central regions. Xiangxiong culture, consisting of religion, characters, and medical science, occupies an important position in Tibet‘s history. At the height of its power and splendor, the kingdom boasted extreme military prowess, and occupied most of the Tibetan plateau, parts of today‘s Qinghai and Sichuan provinces, and even the Ladak Kingdom (reputedly today‘s Kashmir). Later, in the 8th Century, Tubo tribes grew increasingly stronger and conquered Xiangxiong. Hence, Xiangxiong and its culture disappeared almost overnight, leaving no traces of its glorious past and its highly developed civilization. Even today, historians are unable to identify the cultural legacies and ruins of the Xiangxiong civilization. The sudden disappearance of the Xiangxiong Kingdom remains a mystery.6. BardsThe Tibetan Epic of King Gesar, the longest epic in the world, is still alive among the Tibetan people. It has been handed down for generations and the oral tradition is still very much alive today. The epic enjoys a wide popularity in Tibetan areas thanks to the songs of generations of local bards.It is reported that ballad singers in Tibet and surrounding regions sometimes begin their career by experiencing a strange dream during sleep. After waking from these, they mysteriously and inexplicably gain the ability to recite large sections of the huge epic "King Gesar" poem. They may be able to continuously recite sections of the poem for several hours on end. Sometimes, young children even gain this ability. There is a growing amount of research interested in determining the exact brain mechanism that allow this extraordinary and remarkable memorization to occur7. The Guge KingdomGuge was an ancient kingdom in Western Tibet. It encompassed the present-day tracts of Zanskar, Upper Kinnaur, Lahul and Spiti (now controlled by modern day India). The ruins of Guge are located 1200 miles west of Lhasa.Guge was founded in the 10th century AD. Its capitals were located at Tholing and Tsaparang. Its founder was the great-grandson of Glang Darma, the last king of Tibetan kingdom of Tubo. This king's eldest son became ruler of Mar-yul (Ladakh), and his two younger sons ruled western Tibet, founding the Kingdom of Guge and Pu-hrang. At a later period the king of Guge's eldest son Kor-re, also called Byang Chub Ye shes' Od, became a Buddhist monk. He was responsible for inviting Atisha to Tibet in 1040, and thus ushering in the so called Phyi dar phase of Buddhism in Tibet. The younger son, Srong-nge, was responsible for day-to-day governmental affairs; it was his sons who continued the royal dynasty.The first westerner to reach Guge was a Jesuit missionary Antonio del Andrade in 1626. Del Andrade is reported to have seen irrigation canals and rich crops in what is now a dry and desolate land.Perhaps as evidence of the kingdom's openness, del Andrade's party was allowed to construct a chapel in Tsaparang and educate the local people about Christianity. Perhaps as a consequence of this, an Islamic army of Ladakhis came from present day Kashmir and conquered Guge castle in 1632. The 700-year-old kingdom was destroyed.8. Terma, hidden treasureTerma are key Tibetan Buddhist and Bön teachings, originally esoterically secreted and/or elementally encoded by Guru Padmasambhava and his consorts in the 8th century.Terma may be traditionally understood as either being of the "earth" or of the "mind". The earth-terma are physical objects — which may be either an actual text, or physical objects that trigger a recollection of the teaching. The mind-terma are constituted by space or æther and arise via guru-transmission, or realizations achieved in meditation and trance which connect the practitioner directly with the essential content of the teaching in one simultaneous experience. Once this has occurred, the tertön holds the complete teaching in mind and is required by convention to transcribe the terma twice from memory (if of textual nature) in one uninterrupted session. The transcriptions are then compared and if no discrepancy or inconsistency is evident, the terma is sealed as authentic. The tertön is required to realise the essence of the terma prior to formal transmission.9. ShambhalaIn the Tibetan Buddhist tradition, Shambhala (also spelled Shambala or Shamballa) is a mystical kingdom hidden somewhere beyond the snowy peaks of the Himalayas. The myth of Shambala and its location is also more developed in Buddhism. The Kalachakra prophesizes that when the world degenerates into war and greed, and all is lost, the twenty-fifth Kulika king will emerge from Shambhala with a huge army to vanquish the corrupt and usher in a worldwide Golden Age. There are various ideas about where this society is located, but it is often placed in central Asia, north or west of Tibet.10. ShamanA Shaman is someone who works with people as a healer, counsellor, exorcist, advisor, teacher, seer and spiritual guide.Like a medicine man or priest, the shaman cures illnesses, directs communal sacrifices, and escorts the souls of the dead to the other world. He operates by using techniques of ecstasy, the power to leave his body at will during a trancelike state. Cultures containing shamanism often regard sickness as the result of a lost soul. It is thus the shaman's task to enter the spirit world, capture the soul, and reintegrate it into the body. A person becomes a shaman either by inheritance or by self-proclamation.

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